Whenever you right click it gives you a level back, up to the maximum possible amount stored. Useful for preserving your precious Experience.
Currently there is a bug which causes it to not show returned levels when you right click the Mind Stone. This is a bug and can be fixed by either disconnecting and rejoining, or switching between End, Nether, and Normal worlds, the result being your levels being returned. It can also be fixed by picking up XP orbs, in some cases.